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Woodworking

John shrader wood turningChatoyance
-An optical reflectance effect seen in certain gemstones. In woodworking, certain finishes cause the wood grain to achieve a striking three-dimensional appearance, or a "wet look". Oil finishes and shellac strongly bring out this effect.


Burl
-Wood burls are large, rounded outgrowths on the trunk or branch of a tree. Often used decoratively as a veneer in woodcraft or hollowed out and turned into artistic bowls.

Hardwood
-The wood from a broad-leaved tree, such as oak, maple, beech, ash, etc, rather than from conifers.

Joinery
-A part of woodworking that involves joining together pieces of wood to create structures, furniture, toys, and art. Some employ fasteners, bindings, or adhesives, while others use only wood elements. Different joinery techniques are used to meet different requirements based on strength, flexibility, and appearance.

Dovetail joint
-A type of box joint where the fingers are locked together by diagonal cuts. Commonly used to join the sides of a drawer to the front.

Biscuit joint
-A wood joint in which circular plates of wood, or biscuits, are used instead of glue to reinforce the angles.

Box joint
-Also called a finger joint, it is a joint that is used for the corners of boxes involving several interlocking rectangular cuts in two pieces of wood which are glued together.

Butt joint
-A joint in which the edge of a piece of wood is up against another piece of wood. This is the most simple and weakest joint.

Miter joint
-Similar to a butt joint, with both pieces having been cut at a 45 degree angle.

Bookmatch
-Layers of veneer arranged side by side to appear as a mirror image of each other.

Grain
-A pattern of fibers seen in a cut surface of wood.

Lathe
-A machine dating back to ancient Egypt which rotates the wood piece on its axis to alter it in various ways through cutting, sanding, drilling, etc. Used in metalworking and glassworking in addition to woodturning.

Figured Wood
-Wood that is not plain, but due to its grain, the cut, or innate properties, has a particular appearance. The figure of a wood refers to its appearance.

Inlaid
-When a piece of one material is cut out to be inserted within sections of another form.

Marquetry
-The craft of applying pieces of veneer to form patterns or designs. Marquetry differs from inlay in that these pieces of veneer are laid upon the original piece and then sanded, rather than being inserted in an empty space.

Natural Edge
-Any turned wood that incorporates some or all of the natural outside texture of the tree.

Spalted Wood
-Wood that is already in its initial stages of fungal decay - highly prized by woodturners for its spectacular color and irregular patterns.

Turned
-Wooden objects created on a lathe. Woodturning differs from most other forms of woodworking in that the wood is moving while a stationary tool is used to cut and shape.

Veneer
-A thin layer of more costly wood bonded to a thick piece of less expensive plywood to create a finer appearance at a lower price.